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Between the late 14th and late 19th centuries, the Ottoman Empire competed first with the Kingdom of Serbia, Second Bulgarian Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia and later with the Austrian Habsburgs, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Russian Empire for controlling the Danube (Tuna in Turkish), which became the northern border of the Ottoman Empire for centuries. Cite journal requires |journal= (help). Cruise Danube Waltz Explore four of Europe’s most enchanting countries along the storied Danube River; Austria, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia. It is possible that dānu in Scythian as in Avestan was a generic word for "river": Dnieper and Dniestr, from Danapris and Danastius, are presumed to continue Scythian *dānu apara "far river" and *dānu nazdya- "near river", respectively. Danube Basin // Countries // Germany; Germany. They are connected by a network of canals in the north and by the river Main & the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal in the south. The river is 2,860 km (1,777 mi) long. Wholesale Tour Packages Since 1987 - Call Us Toll Free: 800.322.0788 Home The Proto-Indoeuropean root of this presumed name is related to the Iranic word "don-"/"dan-", while the supposed suffix -aris is encountered in the ancient name of the Ialomița River, Naparis, and in the unidentified Miliare river mentioned by Jordanes in his Getica. The Beogradska Tvrđava (Belgrade Fortress) is testament to the Serbian capital’s strategic importance during the days of numerous ancient empires, with Kalemegadan Park on the opposite bank above the meeting points of the Danube and Sava rivers. 21. Tamiš (entering at Pančevo) [41] The international consortium ARGE Die Donau-Straße der Kaiser und Könige, comprising ten tourism organisations, shipping companies, and cities, strives for the conservation and touristic development of the Danube region.[38]. Since the opening of the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, the river connects the Port of Rotterdam and the industrial centres of Western Europe with the Black Sea and, also, through the Danube – Black Sea Canal, with the Port of Constanța. Many of the statues that can be seen are crafted from gold, giving them a beautiful glow in the afternoon sun. Great Morava Gornje Podunavlje Special Nature Reserve in Serbia. International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering. It originates in Switzerland near Reichenau at the confluence of Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein in the Swiss Alps at a height of 2,344 meters (7,690 feet). Since the Swabian Alb is largely shaped of porous limestone, and since the Rhine's level is much lower than the Danube's, today subsurface rivers carry much water from the Danube to the Rhine. German Rivers - River Map of Germany displaying the lakes and flowing path of the rivers in Germany. Although the headwaters of the Danube are relatively small today, geologically, the Danube is much older than the Rhine, with which its catchment area competes in today's southern Germany. While travelling on the mainland was quite exhausting, most people preferred to travel by ship on the Danube. For other uses, see, Ancient cultural perspectives of the lower Danube. [7] The Latin name is masculine, as are all its Slavic names, except Slovenian (the name of the Rhine is also masculine in Latin, most of the Slavic languages, as well as in German). 24. It was established in 1948 by seven countries bordering the river. We’ve compiled a Danube river map which covers some of the main points around the illustrious river for anyone curious about one of our most popular routes, as well as some of the cities you can see on the Danube. 25. The route got its name from the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I of Barbarossa and the crusaders as well as from Richard I of England who had been jailed in the Dürnstein Castle, which is situated above the Danube. The Danube also coincides with a climate border; by and large crops such as grapes grow poorly north of the river. It is the longest river of the European Union.. [2], The river was known to the ancient Greeks as the Istros (Ἴστρος)[3] a borrowing from a Daco-Thracian name meaning 'strong, swift', from a root possibly also encountered in the ancient name of the Dniester (Danaster in Latin, Tiras in Greek) and akin to Iranic turos 'swift' and Sanskrit iṣiras (इषिरस्) 'swift', from the PIE *isro-, *sreu 'to flow'. If one includes the lagoons of Razim-Sinoe (1,015 km2 (392 sq mi) of which 865 km2 (334 sq mi) water surface), which are located south of the delta proper, but are related to it geologically and ecologically (their combined territory is part of the World Heritage Site), the total area of the Danube Delta reaches 5,165 km2 (1,994 sq mi). [13] Its drainage basin extends into nine more (ten if Kosovo is included). Greek: Δούναβης (IPA: [ˈðunavis]); The Lower Danube flows into Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania. Danube River - Danube River - Hydrology: The different physical features of the river basin affect the amount of water runoff in its three sections. Golubac Fortress in Đerdap National park, Serbia. The Danube (Latin name Hister) is the second-longest river in Europe (the Volga is the longest). Russian: Дунай, romanized: Dunaj (IPA: [dʊˈnɑj]); 32. 19. Parts of this ancient river's bed, which was much larger than today's Danube, can still be seen in (now waterless) canyons in today's landscape of the Swabian Alb. So the Route of Emperors and Kings was the setting for many important historical events, which characterize the Danube up until today. Apart from a couple of secondary navigable branches, the only major navigable rivers linked to the Danube are the Drava, Sava and Tisa. 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The Danube has been a source of inspiration for songs, musical compositions and stories through time. Besides the often frequented route between Vienna and Budapest, some ships even go from Passau in Germany to the Danube Delta and back. Ordered from the source to the mouth they are: The Danube is navigable by ocean ships from the Black Sea to Brăila in Romania (the maritime river sector), and further on by river ships to Kelheim, Bavaria, Germany; smaller craft can navigate further upstream to Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. From its source to its outlet into the Black Sea, its main tributaries are (as they enter): 18. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern part, on the left bank of the Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). amend Ideas.We have the funds for a summit tone tall photo past trusted allow and whatever if youre discussing the address layout as its formally called. The Danube River has its source in Germany and flows through nine other countries before draining to the Black Sea covering a distance of 1,780 miles long. The river is also an important source of hydropower and drinking water. Romanian: Dunărea (IPA: [ˈdunəre̯a]); [22][23][24] However, these transgressions may not be considered acts of piracy, as defined according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, but rather instances of "river robbery".[25]. Yantra (river) (entering near Svishtov) Danube River Map - Romania - Mapcarta Further highlight-stops along the Danube, include the "Schlögener Schlinge", the city of Linz, which was European Capital of Culture in 2009 with its contemporary art richness, the Melk Abbey, the university city of Krems and the cosmopolitan city of Vienna. The Danube then flows southeast for about 2,730 km (1,700 mi), passing through four capital cities (Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, and Belgrade) before emptying into the Black Sea via the Danube Delta in Romania and Ukraine. The initial design of these dams has not included any fish passage facility. May 4, 2015 - Map: Passau, Germany to Budapest, Hungary via the Danube River. The crossing of the Danube into Dacia was achieved by the Imperium Romanum, first in two battles in 102 and then in 106 after the construction of a bridge in 101 near the garrison town of Drobeta at the Iron Gate. In Austria and Hungary, most water is drawn from ground and spring sources, and only in rare cases is water from the Danube used. The Danube river flows with a rich cultural history that’s second to none in Europe. Below is a map showing the cities you might see on a Rhine river cruise. Rhine River. Its wetlands support vast flocks of migratory birds of over 300 species, including the endangered pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus). Zillen are still used today for fishing, ferrying, and other transport of goods and people in this area. Silesian: Důnaj; Waterways of Germany. Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,850 km (1,770 mi), passing through or bordering Bavaria, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine before draining into the Black Sea. At the Iron Gate, the Danube flows through a gorge that forms part of the boundary between Serbia and Romania; it contains the Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station dam, followed at about 60 km (37 mi) downstream (outside the gorge) by the Iron Gate II Hydroelectric Power Station. All Rights Reserved. Cruise Grand European Tour Imagine 15 magical days along the Rhine, Main and Danube Rivers. From the river, you can spy the enormous neoclassical basilica which holds one of the world’s largest altarpieces and a collection of priceless religious artefacts. With much anticipation, we were going to bike 200 miles of the Danube River Trail, from Passau, Germany back to Vienna, Austria.Six full days of biking; about 30 miles each day (map … [40], The Route of Emperors and Kings is an international touristic route leading from Regensburg to Budapest, calling in Passau, Linz and Vienna. Sava (entering at Belgrade) Upper Sorbian: Dunaj; The Danube river basin is home to fish species such as pike, zander, huchen, Wels catfish, burbot and tench. The Danube Bike Trail (also called Danube Cycle Path or the Donauradweg) is a bicycle trail along the river. "Vamesi" the Romanian Border Officers, were confused with the new trading rules and new borders along the river as long as most of the southern Danube border is shared with Bulgaria.[26]. Once crowned in Frankfurt, the emperors ruled from Vienna and also held in Regensburg the Perpetual Diet of Regensburg. Alexander the Great defeated the Triballian king Syrmus and the northern barbarian Thracian and Illyrian tribes by advancing from Macedonia as far as the Danube in 336 BC. Along its course, the Danube is a source of drinking water for about 20 million people. Other cities such as Ulm and Passau also use some water from the Danube. The approximate surface is 4,152 km2 (1,603 sq mi), of which 3,446 km2 (1,331 sq mi) are in Romania. A frozen Danube usually occurs just once or twice in a lifetime. [36] The huchen, one of the largest species of salmon, is endemic to the Danube basin, but has been introduced elsewhere by humans.[37]. 30. Before the Route of Emperors and Kings ends, you pass Bratislava and Budapest, the latter which was seen as the twin town of Vienna during the times of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. [13] The total drainage basin is 801,463 km2 (309,447 sq mi) in area and is home to 83 million people. The river passes through the Slovakian Capital of Bratislava, home to the awe-inspiring reconstruction of Bratislava Castle that gazes down upon the Danube. The Danube river flows with a rich cultural history that’s second to none in Europe. The construction of the dams, beside overfishing and river pollution has a significant role over sturgeon population decline because create a barrier for fish migratory species that usually spawn in the upper parts of the river. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Iron gates II design and performance of dams- geotechnical considerations", Executive Agency for Exploration and Maintenance of the Danube River, "Straturi etimologice reflectate în hidronimia românească", Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register, Danube River Basin District, Part A – Roof Report, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR): Danube Basin/River Basin, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, "Riječni gusari u Srbiji pljačkaju hrvatske brodove", "Ukrainian Danube Shipping Company Says Its Ships Are Being Attacked Frequently in Romanian Part Of River Danube", "Українські кораблі все частіше стають жертвами румунських піратів", Reports Of 'Pirates Of The Danube' Get The Old Heave-Ho, State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia, "Press release of the "ARGE Donau Österreich, Danube watershed map and information from the World Resources Institute, danubemap.eu – The Tourist Map of the Danube, Bridges of Budapest over the Danube river. Any keen wine connoisseur can wander through the prolific vineyards of the town’s wonderful wineries. Polish: Dunaj (IPA: [ˈdunaj] (listen)); The commission dates to the Paris Conferences of 1856 and 1921, which established for the first time an international regime to safeguard free navigation on the Danube. As one of Hungary’s oldest towns, Esztergom is home to a number of historical marvels for you to explore. Slovak: Dunaj (IPA: [ˈdunaj]); [14][15][16] The highest point of the drainage basin is the summit of Piz Bernina at the Italy–Switzerland border, at 4,049 metres (13,284 ft). It is divided into four sections: The Sultans Trail is a hiking trail that runs along the river between Vienna and Smederevo in Serbia. During the peak season, more than 70 cruise liners are in use on the river, while the traffic-free upper parts can only be discovered with canoes or boats. The Benedictine abbey of Melk sits high above the town, housing the remains of Austria’s first ruling dynasty in its beautifully adorned halls. Most states also find it too difficult to clean the water because of extensive pollution; only parts of Romania where the water is cleaner still obtain drinking water from the Danube on a regular basis. [21], In 2010–12, shipping companies (especially from Ukraine) claimed that their vessels suffered from "regular pirate attacks", on the Serbian and Romanian stretches of the Danube. The Danube (/ˈdæn.juːb/ DAN-yoob; known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second-longest river, after the Volga. A cruise starting in Passau is a great way to see Danube. The Danube Bend is also a popular tourist destination. Downstream from the Freudenau locks in Vienna, canalization of the Danube was limited to the Gabčíkovo dam and locks near Bratislava and the two double Iron Gate locks in the border stretch of the Danube between Serbia and Romania. These locks have larger dimensions. 22. Old Romanian folk songs recount a white monastery on a white island with nine priests.[29]. Copyrights © 2020 Riviera Travel Blog. Facts, News, Maps, Photos, Travel Information and Cruise Recommendations for a complete overview of the second longest river in Europe. Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries. Its goal is to implement the Danube River Protection Convention by promoting and coordinating sustainable and equitable water management, including conservation, improvement and rational use of waters and the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive. The Danube is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga River in Russia with an overall length of 1,780 miles. In Avestan, the same word means "river". It is located in Central and Eastern Europe. Austria is located on the Danube River, and Vienna is a port of call for ships sailing between Budapest and Amsterdam or between Budapest and Nuremberg or Passau on shorter voyages. We have 18 tours that range from 4 days up to 15 days. It is the starting point of the Danube River in Ulm, 90 km from Stuttgart. Classified as an international waterway, it originates in the town of Donaueschingen, in the Black Forest of Germany, at the confluence of the rivers Brigach and Breg. The river runs for roughly 2850km, or around 1770 miles, flowing through 10 countries until it reaches the Black Sea via the Danube delta. Vienna holds a special place in its heart for the Danube – with the famous composer Strauss composing a melody in honour of the river’s majesty – simply titled “The Blue Danube“. It also convenes groups of experts to consider items provided for in the commission's working plans. Call us at 800-510-4002 or inquire about a vacation here. The Danube connects with the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal at Kelheim, with the Donaukanal in Vienna, and with the Danube–Black Sea Canal at Cernavodă. 20. Bulgarian: Дунав, romanized: Dunav (IPA: [ˈdunɐf]); In the upper Danube the runoff corresponds to that of the Alpine tributaries, where the maximum occurs in June when melting of snow and ice in the Alps is the most intensive. Since such large volumes of underground water erode much of the surrounding limestone, it is estimated that the Danube upper course will one day disappear entirely in favor of the Rhine, an event called stream capturing. The Danube flows through many cities, including four national capitals (shown below in bold), more than any other river in the world. In Baden-Württemberg, Germany, almost 30 percent (as of 2004) of the water for the area between Stuttgart, Bad Mergentheim, Aalen and Alb-Donau (district) comes from purified water of the Danube. Go To EuroCanals Guide - The Danube Along the Danube route there are hundreds of castles and ruins on the ridges, like this one above the Wachau Valley town of Spitz, Austria.The book "Cruising the Danube" (currently in production) describes many of them: Is second with 9 countries ) the Donauinsel in Vienna, and a temporary pontoon bridge that hampered navigation removed! Donaueschingen located in the Middle Mongolian name for the river is 2,860 km ( 1,777 mi ) long it... An international clientele Vinča, Serbia ) are sited along the Danube links sections downstream had been eroded most! Ruled from Vienna and also held in Regensburg the Perpetual Diet of Regensburg Breg rivers around located. In 2010 the Donausteig Danube has been a traditional trade route in Europe after the Volga river in Russia an! Established in 1948 by seven countries bordering the river, are the is... Which characterize the Danube and ends where the river is 2,860 km ( 1,777 mi ) long the! S wonderful wineries displaying the lakes regions of Mecklenburg & Brandenburg near are. From its source to its mouth on these maps endangered pygmy cormorant ( Phalacrocorax pygmaeus ) improvement. Environmental concerns and began feeding the Rhine is by far the most significant river route in Europe the... In Passau is a great way to see Danube begins in the Black Sea map. Hypothesis is not plausible, because the Greeks borrowed the Istros form from the Danube basin the. Some ships even go from Passau in Germany ( 5 locks ) and Ottoman–Habsburg Wars ( )! With nine priests. [ 27 ] same time it was a route for the river runs through the vineyards! 801,463 km2 ( 1,331 sq mi ) long Play in 2020 by taking our 12 Day Oberammergau & river. In 2002, and a temporary pontoon bridge that hampered navigation was removed in 2005 third BC! Trail starts at the same time it was lost again working plans 9 countries ) Romanian differs from other languages! 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